1979 – 1983
|The Honda Civic (second generation) debuted in June 1979 with a more angular shape, increased engine power, and larger dimensions in all models. The design was closer aligned to its larger sister, the Accord and the car was generally more comfortable and sophisticated than the first generation Honda Civic
Besides the dimensions, the appearance was thoroughly addressed .. Basically the car seemed well on the first type Civic, but it was a completely new car.
In America, in addition to the 1.3 also comes the 1.5 CVCC engine.
In North America, the Civic 1300 and 1500 both came in base and DX versions. The latter featured a five-speed manual transmission, partial cloth seats, carpet, rear window defroster, intermittent wipers, and a cigarette lighter. The 1500 GL added radial tires, a rear window wiper/washer, tachometer, clock, and body side moldings. The Civic wagon came in a single version that was similar to the DX trim level. The rather under powered 1300 was not available in California and in some mountainous areas. While still a CVCC design, the stratified charge design was muted and emissions control was assisted by a small two-way catalyst.
In September 1980 for model year 1981 a three-box four-door sedan debuted, as did a three-speed automatic transmission that replaced the aging two-speed unit fitted to the first generation Civic. The four-door was also marketed as the Honda Ballade in the Japanese domestic market.
A minor facelift arrived in late 1980. In early 1982 another facelift added larger plastic bumpers, a new grille and rectangular headlights.
A somewhat larger Civic-based five-door hatchback arrived, called the Honda Quint in Japan. It was marketed at a Japanese dealership sales channel called Honda Verno along with the Honda Ballade, a high luxury model based on the Civic sedan. Also introduced was a new highly fuel efficient I4 model, the five-speed “FE” (Fuel Economy) which was rated at 41 mpg-US (5.7 L/100 km; 49 mpg-imp) in the city and 55 mpg-US (4.3 L/100 km; 66 mpg-imp) on the highway. However, even the standard 1500-cc model achieves 34 mpg-US (6.9 L/100 km; 41 mpg-imp) city, and 47 mpg-US (5.0 L/100 km; 56 mpg-imp) highway when driven 55 mph (89 km/h), the maximum U.S. speed limit at the time (California mileage ratings).
The slogan for 1983 Civic was We Make It Simple. A sport-oriented Civic “S” was introduced in 1983 and was fitted with firmer suspension (with rear stabilizer bar) and 165/70R13 Michelin tires. A red accent encircled the S and set it apart from other Civics as well as a black grille and blackout paint around the window frames. This model was fitted with two different motors. In some markets it was fitted with the high performance 1335 cc EN4, which was of traditional cross-flow design, and was fitted with twin Keihin CV carburetors, and the same camshaft that was fitted to the earlier 1st generation GL models. The twin carburetors shared much in common with the legendary RS models of the mid-70s, using the same intake manifold, however Honda updated the configuration by fitting twin velocity stacks to help increase bottom-end and mid-range response. The Civic “S” was available in Red, and in Black. The Civic platform also spawned a new car, with an emphasis on performance, called the Honda Prelude.
A re-styled saloon version of this model was also sold, badged as the Ballade. This model was also made under licence by British Leyland, badged as the Triumph Acclaim, featuring new front and rear styling, as well as a revised interior.
| In 1982, Honda has exported a small facelift at the Civic. From that moment, the Civic received the square headlights of the Triumph Acclaim and the interior was thoroughly addressed.
The face lifted version of the Hondamatic performance was an overdrive it. Honda handle this facelift to introduce a new top model of the Civic; Civic Sport. The Civic that stood in appearance with its black moldings, special “Civic S” striping and red piping had a 1335 cc engine with dual carburetors with constant vacuum which was good for 70 hp.
Due to this carburetors in combination with a different camshaft and shorter transmission ratios yielded the Civic Sport smooth performance. Unfortunately, the Civic Sport was unable to cope with the violence that brought about the VW Golf introduced in 1976. The sports performance has become a very rare appearance in Netherlands.